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Explained: Loss of Consortium and Personal Injury Cases

— June 16, 2023

Loss of consortium is a significant consideration in personal injury cases, acknowledging the impact that injuries have on the relationships of the injured party.

When personal injury occurs, it not only affects the individual who suffers the physical harm but also has repercussions for their loved ones. Loss of consortium is a legal concept that addresses the impact of an injury on the relationship between the injured party and their spouse or family members. In this article, we will delve into the details of loss of consortium and its significance in personal injury cases.

Understanding Loss of Consortium

According to Davis Kelin, personal injury attorneys in Albuquerque, loss of consortium refers to the deprivation of the benefits and companionship that one person would normally receive from a close relationship, such as a marital bond or a parent-child relationship. It encompasses both the loss of emotional support and the loss of the physical aspects of the relationship.

Types of Losses in a Consortium Claim

Loss of consortium claims can involve various types of losses, including the loss of companionship, emotional support, love, affection, sexual relations, and the ability to have children. These losses can significantly impact the quality of life and well-being of the injured party’s family members.

Elements of a Loss of Consortium Claim

To establish a valid loss of consortium claim, certain aspects of a case must be met.

Existence of a Valid Relationship

The first element is the existence of a valid relationship between the injured party and the claimant. This typically includes spouses, life partners, or immediate family members.

Injury or Tortious Conduct

The second element requires the occurrence of an injury or tortious conduct committed by another party. The injury can result from various incidents, such as car accidents, medical malpractice, or workplace accidents.

Causation and Damages

Causation is another critical aspect, where it must be established that the defendant’s actions directly caused the injury and subsequent losses. The damages sought in a loss of consortium claim may include both economic and non-economic damages.

Factors Affecting Compensation in Consortium Cases

Several factors can impact the compensation awarded in loss of consortium cases.

Severity of the Injury

The severity of the injury suffered by the injured party plays a crucial role in determining the compensation. The more severe the injury, the higher the potential for significant losses in the consortium relationship, resulting in a higher compensation amount.

Impact on the Relationship

The impact of the injury on the relationship between the injured party and their spouse or family members is another crucial factor. If the injury hinders the ability to engage in activities, provide emotional support, or maintain intimacy, it can lead to substantial damages awarded in the claim.

Sad girl
Sad girl; image courtesy of Greyerbaby via Pixabay,

Emotional Distress and Psychological Effects

Loss of consortium can also cause emotional distress and psychological effects on the claimant. These intangible losses, such as depression, anxiety, or loss of enjoyment of life, are taken into account when determining the compensation amount.

Proving Loss of Consortium

To successfully prove a loss of consortium claim, certain evidence and documentation are required.

Evidence of the Relationship

Evidence demonstrating the existence and quality of the relationship before the injury is crucial. This may include marriage certificates, photographs, testimonies from friends and family, or joint financial accounts.

Expert Testimony and Witness Statements

Expert testimony from medical professionals or therapists can be invaluable in establishing the extent of the impact on the relationship. Additionally, witness statements from family members or friends who can testify to the changes in the relationship can strengthen the claim.

Documentation of Damages

Comprehensive documentation of the damages suffered is essential. This may include medical records, therapy bills, receipts for household services, and other relevant documentation that supports the claim for compensation.

Limitations and Challenges in Consortium Claims

While loss of consortium claims can provide compensation for the impact on relationships, they are subject to certain limitations and challenges.

State Laws and Statute of Limitations

Laws regarding loss of consortium claims vary from state to state. It is crucial to understand the specific laws and statute of limitations governing such claims in the jurisdiction where the lawsuit is filed.

Availability of Damages

The availability and calculation of damages in loss of consortium claims can be complex. Some states place caps on non-economic damages, while others have specific criteria for the types of losses that can be compensated.

How Loss of Consortium Affects Personal Injury Cases

Loss of consortium has significant implications for personal injury cases.

Impact on Damages and Compensation

Loss of consortium claims can increase the overall damages awarded in a personal injury case. They recognize the non-economic losses suffered by the injured party’s loved ones and provide compensation for those losses.

Considerations in Settlement Negotiations

Loss of consortium claims can also impact settlement negotiations. The presence of a loss of consortium claim may incentivize the defendant to settle the case promptly to avoid the risk of higher damages awarded by a jury.


Loss of consortium is a significant consideration in personal injury cases, acknowledging the impact that injuries have on the relationships of the injured party. It encompasses both tangible and intangible losses suffered by their loved ones, including emotional support, companionship, and physical intimacy. Proving a loss of consortium claim requires compelling evidence and documentation, as well as understanding the specific laws and limitations governing such claims.

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