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Missouri Sexual Harassment Laws Offer Protection to Businesses with 6 or More Employees

— January 7, 2022

All state employers and private employers with 6 or more employees are bound by this law.

Sexual harassment claims cannot be made if the sexual behavior was welcomed, or occurred with mutual consent. Sexual harassment is illegal when it is so frequent, or severe that it creates a hostile or offensive work environment, or when it results in an adverse employment decision, such as a victim being fired, transferred, or demoted. The harasser can be the victim’s supervisor, a supervisor in another area, a co-worker, or someone who is not an employee of the employer, such as a client or customer. Individuals who feel they have no choice but to quit a job due to sexual harassment at work should consult with a sexual harassment attorney in Missouri. 


  • Direct reporting.
  • Requesting mediation as an informal solution. 
  • Employer grievance procedures. 
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission complaint against the alleged sexual harassment in the workplace. 

Know the law

The law addresses sexual harassment in the form of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature through:

  • Quid Pro Quo. Authoritative figures/bosses in the workplace demand, or require sexual acts for preferential treatment, or to avoid punitive action.
  • Hostile Work Environment. A boss or employer does not remedy a work environment where sexually inappropriate behavior is present creating intimidating, hostile and abusive work environments.

    Man screaming into telephone; image by Icons8 Team, via
    Image by Icons8 Team, via

Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII applies to employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. It also applies to employment agencies, labor organizations, and the federal government. If there is some reason that a victim is not protected under Title VII language, a civil rights, personal injury, or employment law attorney may be able to offer another means toward compensation when sexual harassment causes harm and damage to an employee. 

Under The Missouri Human Rights Act (MHRA), employees cannot be discriminated against on the basis of sex (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 213.055 et seq.) and regulations issued by the Missouri Commission on Human Rights (MCHR) consider sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination prohibited under the Act (8 MO Admin. Code Sec. 60-3.040). All state employers and private employers with 6 or more employees are bound by this law, so it is slightly different than the Title VII protections because it also impacts smaller business entities. 

Legal recourse

Victims of sexual harassment have legal options against sexual harassment, and seeking legal counsel is the first thing a victim should do after reporting the abuse through the proper channels at a place of employment, or at school, or wherever the incident took place; if there are procedural guidelines set up that must be followed.


Speak with an attorney regarding compensation.

  • Monetary damages including back pay, attorney and court fees, emotional pain, and negative effects of the harassment.
  • Equitable relief by job reinstatement, or promotion.
  • Punitive damages if actions were extremely offensive, and egregious sexual harassment misconduct. 

If you, or someone you know is a victim of sexual harassment, or related sexual assault, seek out a professional attorney for guidance toward legal actions that will remedy the situation.


Missouri Secretary of State: Code of State Regulations (

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