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ACC 2024 CLO Survey, in Partnership with Exterro, Highlights CLOs Facing Intense Budgetary Pressures

— February 13, 2024

One of the largest CLO-focused surveys, with respondents from around the world, offers unique perspective on future challenges, legal department operations, and priority areas as multiple factors continue to impact the global business environment.

Washington – The Association of Corporate Counsel (ACC) 2024 Chief Legal Officers Survey (CLO Survey), in partnership with Exterro, the leading data risk management software solution for minimizing risks posed by litigation, privacy regulations and cybersecurity threats, offers unique insights into: a) the biggest challenges CLOs face at the legal department and organizational level and b) how the CLO role and responsibilities continue to expand as a critical, strategic business partner.

This year’s respondents shared that regulations and enforcement, privacy and data security, and cybersecurity threats are the top three issues keeping them up at night. Specifically, thirty-four percent of CLOs reported that data breaches are the biggest data-related threat to mitigate in 2024, followed by privacy/regulatory enforcement (32 percent) and other cybersecurity threats (24 percent). Forty percent said that they plan on instituting new processes to help defend against these threats. Despite years of focus and spending on data-related threats, just nine percent of respondents are “very confident” in their organization’s ability to mitigate emerging data risks.

At the legal department level, 42 percent of CLOs said they continue to face intense budgetary pressure to do more with less.  In fact, fifty-two percent shared that their legal department received a cost-cutting mandate from their organization over the past year.  This pressure may help explain why forty percent of CLOs rank operational efficiency as their law department’s top strategic initiative for the coming year. To improve efficiency, 45 percent of CLOs say they will invest in new technology and 27 percent say that greater collaboration with the organization’s overall operations department would improve business outcomes.

Budget paper with a calculator and a clamp holding coins; image by Stevepb, via
Budget paper with a calculator and a clamp holding coins; image by Stevepb, via

“ACC’s industry-leading 2024 Chief Legal Officers Survey sheds light on the fact that CLOs are finding themselves in an increasingly difficult position,” said Veta T. Richardson, ACC president & CEO. “This year’s survey and those in years past have clearly documented the evolution of the CLO role – highlighting that responsibilities continue to expand and diversify as the CLO has become a more integral strategic business partner.  Yet, as CLOs and their teams take on additional responsibilities, they face intense pressure to do more with less.  Squeezing general counsel resources while at the same time expanding their remit is unlikely to be sustainable for the long term.  Improving operational efficiency and investing in new technology will help, but it remains unclear if those efforts will be enough.  What is clear is the unwavering dedication and resourcefulness of CLOs to represent their organizations to the highest standards possible in a complicated and challenging business and regulatory environment.”

“As the 2024 CLO Survey clearly highlights, CLO’s face a daunting task ensuring their organizations are fully equipped to minimize the risk data poses to their operations,” said Bobby Balachandran, Founder and CEO of Exterro. “The competing pressures of ‘do more with less’ and increased scope of responsibilities dictates a new approach to utilizing people, technology and improved processes to effectively manage legal operations, privacy and data governance, regulatory compliance and cybersecurity response. Exterro is thrilled once again to partner with the ACC to provide this valuable resource for in-house counsel to navigate these difficult challenges.”

The survey’s additional key findings include:

  • Work remains to help ensure CLOs internationally report directly to the CEO. This year’s results are based on a larger proportion of respondents from outside of the US than in years past. Therefore, while the percentage of CLOs in the US who report directly to the CEO went up slightly (82 percent in 2024 compared to 81 percent in 2023), those outside of the US went down (63 percent in 2024 compared to 66 percent in 2023).  This resulted in the overall percentage decreasing slightly to 75 percent in 2024 from 77 percent in 2023.
  • Majority of CLOs (58 percent) oversee at least three additional business functions beyond legal, with 27 percent overseeing five or more. These most commonly include areas such as privacy (44 percent), ethics (43 percent), and risk (38 percent), but also can include areas such as environmental, social, & governance (ESG) (24 percent), government affairs (22 percent), cybersecurity (14 percent), and human resources (14 percent).
  • Majority of CLOs experienced an increase in workload, with fifty-nine percent reporting workload “increased significantly” or “somewhat increased” over the past year and just three percent saying their workload decreased. Fifty-nine percent say they are “happy” or “very happy” with their work-life balance. However, only 20 percent of those who experienced a significant increase in workload say they are happy with their work-life balance.
  • Sixty-seven percent of CLOs believe that AI will have a “mostly positive” or “somewhat positive” impact on the in-house legal profession. The legal applications identified with the most potential to benefit from AI are in document analysis (35 percent) and drafting documents (28 percent).
  • Thirty-eight percent of CLOs say that their CEO would like them to develop greater business acumen and industry knowledge, followed by leadership (28 percent), and financial acumen (24 percent).
  • Approach to ESG remains widely variable, with 19 percent saying their organization has no ESG strategy.  Although 77 percent of CLOs report being involved in leading their organization’s ESG strategy, just 29 percent say they are “very involved,” and 36 percent say they are “somewhat involved.” CLOs are more actively engaged in ESG strategy outside of the US with 91 percent having some degree of involvement, compared with 70 percent in the US.
  • The Chief Legal Officer title is becoming more common, with 28 percent of participants holding the “Chief Legal Officer” title—an increase of 7 percentage points since 2022.

The survey analyzed data from 669 CLOs across 20 industries and 31 countries. 

The report landing page is here and for complimentary press access only to the report please contact Dan Weber ( or Hazel Ramirez (

About ACC: The Association of Corporate Counsel (ACC) is the premier global legal association that promotes the common professional and business interests of in-house counsel who work for corporations, associations and other organizations through information, education, networking, and advocacy. For more than 40 years, ACC has set the standard for in-house counsel and raised awareness regarding the value of the chief legal officer in the C-suite and boardroom. With more than 45,000 members employed by over 10,000 organizations and spanning 100+ nations, ACC connects its members to the people and resources necessary for both personal and professional growth. By in-house counsel, for in-house counsel® remains the foundation for ACC’s market leadership. For more information, visit and follow ACC on LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook

Exterro: Exterro empowers organizations and law enforcement agencies to achieve better legal, regulatory and investigation outcomes, save money, and minimize the impact of threats by addressing data risk. Its Data Risk Management software is the only comprehensive platform that leverages data discovery, automation, workflow optimization, and one of the first to utilize responsible AI to give professionals insight into and control over the complex interconnections of privacy, legal operations, digital investigations, cybersecurity response, compliance, and information governance. Thousands of teams around the world in corporations, law firms, managed services providers, and government and law enforcement agencies trust Exterro to manage their risks and drive successful outcomes at a lower cost. For more information, visit

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