Court: Sampling May Violate Copyright Law

A federal appeals court ruled Tuesday that rap artists should pay for every musical sample included in their work – even minor, unrecognizable snippets of music.

Lower courts had already ruled that artists must pay when they sample another artists’ work. But it has been legal to use musical snippets – a note here, a chord there – as long as it wasn’t identifiable.

The decision by a three-judge panel of the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati gets rid of that distinction. The court said federal laws aimed at stopping piracy of recordings applies to digital sampling.

“If you cannot pirate the whole sound recording, can you ‘lift’ or ‘sample’ something less than the whole? Our answer to that question is in the negative,” the court said. “Get a license or do not sample. We do not see this as stifling creativity in any significant way.”

Others may disagree. Details here from the AP via All Headline News, or read the court’s opinion.


“Government Insecurity”

When a B-29 crashed in 1948, the Air Force fought to hide the details. Now, the families of those killed want to reopen the case that became precedent for official secrecy.

This fascinating story details attempts to reopen a 50-year old Supreme Court case that may have been influenced by a fraud on the Court. Details here from The Philadelphia Inquirer. (via How Appealing)


Electronic Frontier Foundation and Stanford Law Clinic Sue Electronic Voting Company

A nonprofit Internet Service Provider (ISP) and two Swarthmore College students are seeking a court order on Election Day tomorrow to stop electronic voting machine manufacturer Diebold Systems, Inc., from issuing specious legal threats. The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and the Center for Internet and Society Cyberlaw Clinic at Stanford Law School are providing legal representation in this important case to prevent abusive copyright claims from silencing public debate about voting, the very foundation of our democratic process.

Diebold has delivered dozens of cease-and-desist notices to website publishers and ISPs demanding that they take down corporate documents revealing flaws in the company’s electronic voting systems as well as difficulties with certifying the systems for actual elections.

Apparently the ruling from the Northern District of California in San Francisco is expected by noon on Tuesday. Details here.


Actor, Producer Trade Lawsuit Tirades

In dueling lawsuits over the move Why Men Shouldn’t Marry, actor Sean Penn accuses producer Steve Bing of blacklisting him because of his opposition to a war in Iraq, while Bing accuses Penn of blackmailing him over a movie deal that never materialized. Read all about it here.




Next President Will Shape Supreme Court

One of the most momentous and least-discussed topics in the presidential campaign is the likely departure in the next four years of as many as three of the more liberal justices on a closely divided U.S. Supreme Court.

When the subject of judicial appointments was raised during Wednesday’s debate, Democrat Barack Obama observed that Roe vs. Wade, the 1973 Supreme Court ruling that legalized abortion, “probably hangs in the balance” on the outcome of the election.

Obama, who supports the ruling, and Republican John McCain, who wants it overturned, then took pains to deny that they would use the case as a “litmus test” in choosing a future justice – denials that their own words appear to contradict.

As McCain put it, he doesn’t believe anyone who backs Roe vs. Wade “would be part of those qualifications” he will require for judicial nominees, such as “a history of strict adherence to the Constitution.” Obama, for his part, has said he favors nominees who support the constitutional right of privacy, the legal underpinning of the 1973 ruling.

But abortion is only one of many issues in which the court’s moderate-to-liberal bloc of four justices has joined with the moderately conservative Justice Anthony Kennedy to form a precarious majority – one that would probably be undone by a McCain appointee.

Details here from Bob Egelko of the San Fransisco Chronicle.


Two Federal Judges Hold Key to California Prison Reform

Two veteran jurists may find themselves reluctantly stepping in where there is a political vacuum to address inmate overcrowding.

SACRAMENTO — Both are past 70, with creaky limbs, gray beards and an eye on retirement after long careers in the black robe.

But like it or not, federal judges Thelton E. Henderson and Lawrence K. Karlton hold the power to help California fix a catastrophic failure: its broken prison system. It is a task neither man covets.

Karlton has had heart surgery and carries a full load of cases aside from his prison work. Henderson suffers an autoimmune disorder that is attacking his muscles. He says he’d be enjoying his golden years already if not for his desire to see inmate medical care improve.

“I want to retire and go fishing and hang out with my grandson,” Henderson said in a recent interview. “But Larry and I feel an obligation, a duty, here.”

Now the judges’ long-running role in California corrections is taking on new urgency. Each is poised to decide a potentially far-reaching question: whether crowding in the state’s floundering prisons has become so severe that a cap on the inmate population is warranted. Hearings are set for June.

Details here from the Los Angeles Times.


Computer Thief Steals Court’s Computers During Trial for Computer Theft

NOVATO, Calif. (AP) — A man was convicted of various theft charges, after prosecutors say he stole computers from the courthouse while he was on trial for computer theft.

”It just amazed me that someone could be in the middle of a jury trial for a burglary involving computers and immediately get involved in another burglary at the Civic Center,” said sheriff’s Sgt. Jerry Niess.

Jon Houston Eipp, 39, of Novato pleaded guilty Monday in three separate cases involving 10 different charges, including burglary, theft, drug possession, attempted auto theft and more. He could be facing nearly five years in prison when he is sentenced next month.

In an interview Monday night at the county jail, Eipp said he stole the computers ”for personal reasons.”

”I needed help, and I didn’t know how to ask for help,” he said. ”And I guess, in my crazy way, that was my way of asking for help. Help with my drug problems, help with my sanity.”

Details here from the AP via the New York Times.


Remembering September 11, 2001 — Gina Sztejnberg

Gina Sztejnberg

I recently came across a website called the 2,996 Project that sought to have at least one blogger sign up to memorialize every one of the 2,996 victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks on their fifth anniversary. I signed up, and I was randomly assigned to memorialize (pronounced “Steinberg”), a wife and mother of two who perished at the World Trade Center on that grim morning.

I never met Ms. Sztejnberg (who I will take the liberty of calling “Gina”) and I’ve never met anyone who knew her. But I’ve learned a lot about her, and I’ll do my best to memorialize her here, in honor not only of her and her family, but in honor of all those who so senselessly died on this morning five years ago. So here goes:

Gina was born in Wroclaw, Poland, to Jewish parents who had escaped the Holocaust. Her family moved to Russia, then back to Poland, and then emigrated to the United States, moving to Brooklyn in the 1960s when Gina was 15 years old. Gina excelled, earning a degree in mathematics from the City University of New York in 1970.

Gina found her husband-to-be, Michael Sztejnberg, at Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn. They had met once before, when Michael had come to live in Gina’s home city of Wroclaw, Poland, as a teenager. They married in New York and moved to Ridgewood, New Jersey, where they raised two daughters, Laura and Julie.

Gina and Michael and their two daughters were avid travellers, visiting many of the fifty states and more than a dozen foreign countries, including China and Thailand. Two years before she died, Gina and Michael took their daughters to Wroclaw to see the city where their mother was born. Gina meticulously planned these trips down to the smallest detail, making sure that the family would be comfortable no matter where they went.

Gina Sztejnberg

On September 11, 2001, Gina was working as a database architect consultant for Marsh & McLennan on the 96th floor of the North tower of the World Trade Center. As usual, Gina and Michael drove together to lower Manhattan early that morning. Michael dropped Gina off at the WTC at 6:45 a.m. and continued on to his job as Senior Vice President of J.P. Morgan Chase. Michael never saw Gina again.

At 8:46 a.m., approximately two hours after Gina arrived at work, the first plane, United Flight 11, slammed into Gina’s tower between the 92nd and 98th floors — right where Gina worked. Some 27 minutes later, the second plane struck the South tower. The South tower was the first to collapse, at about 10:05 a.m. Some 24 minutes later, at 10:29 a.m., the North Tower — Gina’s tower — also collapsed. Gina never made it out. She is listed as a “confirmed” victim, meaning that some of her remains were eventually found and identified.

Gina was 52 years old at the time of her death. Her husband Michael was 55, and her daughters were 22 and 26.

I am tempted to vent my anger and frustration toward those who senselessly took Gina’s life. But that’s not our purpose here.

Our purpose is to remember Gina, and the 2,995 other innocent people who died on this morning five years ago. May they rest in peace, and may our nation never forget them.

On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln dedicated the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, honoring those who had died there fighting to preserve our young nation. Although Gina and the others who died on 9/11 were not solidiers and did not die fighting a war, their deaths and our rememberances of them may still serve to strengthen the great democracy that their murderers sought to destroy. In President Lincoln’s [slightly altered] words:

[T]he brave men [and women], living and dead, who struggled [on September 11th], have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did [on September 11th]. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who [struggled and died] [on September 11th] have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

So here’s to Gina Sztejnberg, and to all the other heros we lost on that dreadful morning five years ago. They will never be forgotten.

More information about Gina can be found here, here, here, here, here, and here.